Subjective problems and temporomandibular disorders symptoms among musicians playing wind instruments
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Katedra Protetyki Stomatologicznej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Polska
Studenckie Koło Naukowe przy Katedrze Protetyki Stomatologicznej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny
Kamila Martyna Wróbel-Bednarz   

Katedra Protetyki Stomatologicznej, Warszawski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Nowogrodzka 59, 02-006, Warszawa, Polska
Submission date: 2021-03-04
Acceptance date: 2021-03-13
Publication date: 2021-03-24
Prosthodontics 2021;71(1):18–37
It is estimated that masticatory system disorders occur in even 40-90% of the society, which classifies them as the most common dental problems. Postural disorders occurring in professional musicians, caused by frequently repeated non-physiological movements and the need to maintain asymmetrical postures for a long time, are described as the aetiological factors of playing-related musculoskeletal pain (PRMD). Musicians who play wind instruments are particularly vulnerable to the occurrence of ailments from the stomatognathic system, including those affecting the temporomandibular joints.

Aim of the study:
To analyse the problems and ailments occurring in the region of temporomandibular joints of musicians playing brass and wood instruments.

Material and methods:
The research consisted in conducting a survey addressed to people who play wind instruments. The questionnaire included general questions about playing the instrument, the observed symptoms of dysfunction, and the use of preventive measures. The obtained data were statistically analyzed.

A total of 1067 filled questionnaires were collected from 49 countries around the world. According to the study, musicians playing woodwinds constitute a group particularly vulnerable to develop dysfunction. Symptoms of TMD are more common in musicians who play professionally, and they are characteristic of women.

1. Playing wind instruments may predispose musicians to suffer from ailments and disorders of the temporomandibular joints. 2. Professional musicians, who practise for many hours a day are particularly vulnerable, as well as those who play woodwind instruments. 3. Warming up before performing can help prevent some ailments. 4. Musicians who play woodwind instruments require special dental care. 5. Education regarding proper habits and implementation of prophylactic measures is important.